Economics of pre-concentration in mining: Bulk Ore Sorting in a copper mine

In October 2021, IMA Engineering participated in the 17th International Conference on Mineral Processing and Geometallurgy, Procemin-Geomet 2021 and presented a keynote on the Economics of pre-concentration in mining: Bulk Ore Sorting in a copper mine.

Pre-concentration by Bulk Ore Sorting (BOS) has gained interest in the mining industry over the past few years due to its environmental and economic benefits. The BOS method is utilizing reducing natural rock heterogeneity in separating the waste rock from the ore before it enters energy intensive grinding and mineral processing process.

The paper describes the BOS method and a test performed at a large copper mine.

The test was conducted by utilizing an on-line XRF-analyzer and a belt scale on the mine main conveyor belt for measuring continuously the copper contents of the primary crushed ore in 30 second batches for Bulk Ore Sorting.

Ore and waste rock dilution tonnages and grades were measured. During the five week’s test 4,5 million tons of presumed ore was analyzed and 286 000 tons of below cut-off waste rock was detected for BOS.  While the average grade of the ore was continuously above the cut of grade the used 30 second analysis time (the below blue line) reveled that significant amount of ore was below the cut grade.

To read more about the study please download the complete white paper below. This paper was fist presented at Procemin-Geomet 2021.

What is IMA Engineering?

IMA Engineering has used on-line sensors for analyzing ore and waste rock in mining for more than 25 years. Today IMA on-line sensors are used in various stages of the mining process including on-line analysis of drill cores, drill chips, ore and waste in loader bucket, ROM ore analysis on belt conveyor belt and in bulk ore sorting and in slurry analysis in concentrators.

Book a time to talk to one of our experts. Follow us on Twitter and LinkedIn and stay up to date with the latest IMA news.

Other news


IMA Engineering, “a huge step forward in my career”

Upon completing the 1st academic year of my master’s studies, I joined IMA Engineering


IlluMINEation: IMA Autosampler, ready for the RHI Magnesita mine

IMA representatives discussed on-site the future proceeding with installing the IMA Autosampler in RHI


The benefits of ore sorting and sensing in mining

Ilpo Auranen, Chairman of IMA, has been recently interviewed by the International Mining Magazine

Remote Installation and CO2 News